• Chronology

» Chronology of the Bolyai Initiative Committee (BIC)

The periodical updating of the chronology below has been discontinued in April 2013.
January 2013
The ethnic Romanian the leadership of the Medical and Pharmaceutical University of Târgu Mureş / Marosvásárhely (MPUM) failed to keep their major promises made to the Hungarian community of academics. For instance, the most basic demand of hiring ethnic Hungarian teaching staff in sufficient numbers was not fulfilled.
October 2012
Three points of the Romanian-Hungarian accommodation agreement made within the Medical and Pharmaceutical University of Târgu Mureş / Marosvásárhely (MPUM) have been put into practice – declared Tibor Szilágyi, the ethnic Hungarian deputy rector of the institution. According to his account, the first step of enforcing the agreement – entered into on the 21st of September and comprising seven points – was the amendment of the University’s Constitution by its Senate. A new a paragraph was included stipulating the existence of a Hungarian language section. Next, the rules regarding university elections were modified by adding a stipulation, which states that the Hungarian language section shall elect its own leadership. Finally, the ethnic Hungarian deputy rector was appointed. A promise has been made in the sense that the crucial demand, i.e., the establishment of Hungarian language departments, will be fulfilled by March 2013. However, many ethnic Hungarian professors find it hard to believe that such promises made by their ethnic Romanian colleagues will be kept, especially because the latter formulated a humiliating condition for entering into the mentioned agreement; namely, the demand that Hungarian faculty members give up their intention of nominating their elected leader, professor Béla Szabó as deputy rector.
June 2012
The National Ethics Council of Scientific Research, Technological Development and Innovation – i.e., the body exercising competences in cases like the plagiarism scandal involving the leaders of the Medical and Pharmaceutical University of Targu Mures / Marosvásárhely (MPUM) – should have published its official position within 90 days.
Since, Péter Hantz received no answer regarding any of his petitions and the persons who have plagiarised have not been held responsible for this, the vice-president of the Bolyai Initiative Committee (BIC) turned to the Committee on Petitions of the European Parliament and to Ms Geoghegan-Quinn, the EU Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science.
In the meantime, pursuant to article no. 141 – on plagiarism – of the Copyright Law (no. 8/1996) he denounced Mr Azamfirei, the rector of the MPUM. Furthermore, pursuant to Law no. 554/2004 on administrative courts, he initiated a preliminary procedure against the Romanian Ministry of Instruction, because the ministry failed to respect the deadline for giving formal answers.
April 27, 2012
The Ungureanu-cabinet lost the motion of no confidence submitted by the opposition in connection with the state of affairs at the MPUM. This event is a good example for the strong anti-minority stance characterising many ethnic Romanian politicians.
April 11, 2012
On their own initiative, ethnic Hungarian professors of the MPUM elected their leaders.
The official leadership of the university tried to obstruct the organisation of these elections; nonetheless, 95 of the 121 ethnic Hungarian faculty members have cast their vote. Professor Béla Szabó was elected with a huge majority leader of the ethnic Hungarian faculty. Professor Attila Brassai was elected to the nine-member ethnic Hungarian Senate.
March 2012
It seemed that a governmental ordinance would settle the matter regarding the Hungarian section of the MPUM. Ethnic Romanian professors of the MPUM, referring to the autonomy of institutions of higher education, have denied organisational autonomy to medical instruction in Hungarian language although the law passed a year earlier stipulated that such autonomy be granted. Moreover, the said professors defied the instructions given by the ministry without being sanctioned for their illegal opposition. The Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (DAHR) managed to elicit the cooperation of the government in Bucharest by stating that in the absence of a solution to the matter it would leave the coalition. In consequence, the government issued an ordinance to create a new faculty offering instruction in various medical specialties in Hungarian and English languages. Nevertheless, the nationalistic opposition threatened to nullify the ordinance, in case they managed to form a new government.
March 28, 2012
The Romanian president, Mr Traian Basescu, promulgated the law on the accreditation of the Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania (Sapientia – HUST) passed by the Romanian Chamber of Deputies in February.
This accreditation meant that the Sapientia University became a fully recognised institution of higher education enjoying all the ensuing privileges, including the right to organise comprehensive examinations for students who have completed their course of studies. Thus far, students of the HUST had to pass comprehensive examinations organised by other Romanian institutions of higher learning. Further advantages of accreditation are the right to organise MA and MSc programmes as well as the possibility to obtain public funding from the Romanian government.
Until now, the HUST – the Hungarian language private university of Transylvania –, an institution established by the Sapientia Foundation registered on the initiative of the historical Hungarian Churches in 2000 has been funded by the Hungarian State.
The university operates in three cities/towns: Miercurea Ciuc / Csíkszereda, Targu Mures / Marosvásárhely and Cluj / Kolozsvár. It is divided into four faculties offering BA or BSc programmes in Hungarian language in 27 fields of study.
March 28, 2012
In a general comment made during the plenary session of the European Parliament, László Tőkés, former vice-president of the EP, dealt with the situation of the MPUM. He said that the university's ethnic Romanian leaders showed disrespect for the law and infringed it since, assisted by (ethnic) Romanian parties, they hindered the establishment of an autonomous department where Hungarian would be the language of instruction. He added that ethnic Hungarian professors were being intimidated. Moreover, professor Attila Brassai was given a reprimand by the leaders of the university because last year he has informed politicians in Strasbourg about the illegal state of affairs at the university in Targu Mures / Marosvásárhely.
László Tőkés asked Mr Martin Schulz, the President of the European Parliament, all MEPs and the European Commission as well "to defend ethnic Hungarian faculty members in Targu Mures / Marosvásárhely and support the legal measures taken by the Ungureanu-cabinet against these obstructions by post-Communist political forces using, in this case, various instruments of electoral campaign".
January–February 2012
A scandal on plagiarism erupted at the MPUM. Péter Hantz, PhD – vice-president of the Bolyai Initiative Committee – informed the press that the rector of the university, its vice-rector responsible for scientific affairs and the dean of the Faculty of General Medicine published, in the English language medical journal of the university, articles that were copied from scientific reviews issued abroad and from foreign doctoral dissertations. The authors of the publications used as sources for these articles issued protest statements against these 'thefts' and demanded an inquiry. The persons involved in the plagiarism scandal defended themselves using absurd and contradictory arguments. In a characteristic manner, the affair resulted in no consequences thus far.
November 2011
Since the Medical and Pharmaceutical University of Marosvásárhely refused to establish the Hungarian departments required by the applicable Romanian Law on Education, the Foundation for Hungarian Medical and Pharmaceutical Training in Romania sued the University. Cinically, the The Targu Mures Courts of Law ruled that the trial will commence more than a half year later.
November 21, 2011
Professor Attila Brassai, BKB chair announced that the ethnic Hungarian teachers of the Targu-Mures / Marosvásárhely University of Medicine and Pharmacy will boycott the soon to be organized elections for the university officials' positions. BKB proposed the boycott not long after the ethnic Romanian teachers of the University refused to establish the Hungarian departments in spite of being instructed to do so by the Ministry.
November 17, 2011
The Working Group on the Minorities of the European Parliament hosted Attila Brassai, professor of Pharmacy, chair of BKB at its November session. László Tőkés, vice-president of the European Parliament initiated that the case of training doctors in the Hungarian language at the Targu Mures / Marosvásárhely University be included on the agenda.
November 2, 2011
The ethnic Romanian majority of the Senate of the Targu-Mures / Marosvásárhely University of Medicine and Pharmacy refused again the creation of the Hungarian institutes. BKB requested the withdrawal of the public funding of the University and said it organize actions of civil disobedience. The Association for the Training of Hungarian Doctors and Pharmacists in Romania decided to institute proceedings against the Senate of the University. The decision was announced by Elod Kincses, the attorney of the Association. Béla Markó, deputy prime minister criticized again.
October 25, 2011
The ethnic Romanian majority of the Senate of the Targu-Mures / Marosvásárhely University of Medicine and Pharmacy did not effectively discuss the creation of the Hungarian institutes. BKB presented a list of 5 proposals to settle this issue. One of the proposals said that the Hungarian institutes would be created arbitrarily and that the Hungarians would boycott the decision-making bodies.
October 2011
Dr. Attila Brassai, professor of pharmacy, head of departement at the Targu-Mures / Marosvásárhely University of Medicine and Pharmacy was elected as chair of BKB.
September 26, 2011
Csaba Sógor DAHR MEP said during his off-the-record remark during the EP plenary session that more attention should be paid to the Hungarian department of the Targu-Mures / Marosvásárhely University of Medicine and Pharmacy. The ethnic Hungarian MEP of Transylvania said that it is unconceivable why the situation that jeopardizes the operation of the Hungarian department is not managed adequately.
September 2011
Despite the protests of the ethnic Hungarian deputy rector, the rector of the University submitted again the Charter of the institution to the Ministry of Education without any effective amendments. However, the Ministry sent the Charter back to the University with objections concerning its contests, stating that the creation of the Hungarian institutes is lacking from the document.
June 2011
The Romanian leaders of the University made a last moment switch and backed out from the agreement signed with the Hungarian teachers and did not include in the Charter of the institution the creation of the Hungarian institutes. Subsequently, the Ministry of Education rejected the document because of formal reasons, while Béla Markó, deputy prime minister criticized the University.
June 2011
In the spirit of the new Act on Education in force in Romania all departments of the Babes-Bolyai University where education is delivered in the Hungarian language an attempt was made to create Hungarian sections that are empowered with the authority to make their own decisions.
The attempts of the Hungarian teachers brought about success except for two departments.
The Romanian leaders of the Biology and Geology department obstructed the initiative by taking even some illegal steps. Political science, journalism and communication departments' initiatives failed mainly because of two 'collaborators', i.e. Magor Kádár and Lóránt Cziprian.
April 2011
"Separatism and segregationism" would happen if schools teaching in the Hungarian language were created in Dicsoszentmárton and Segesvár as requested by local people, said Marius Paşcan, Maros County Prefect. As previously reported, ethnic Hungarians in Romania have been requesting for two decades in vain the creation of schools teaching in the Hungarian language in Segesvár, Dicsőszentmárton and Bánffyhunyad, while such school in Torda could only be created after a series of negotiations that required a deadly casualty.
February 2011
In November 2010 BKB launched a call for proposals to develop the Hungarian inscriptions to be placed at the Babes-Bolyai University. The management of the University had a hysterical reaction to this announcement and ordered increased preparedness on the premises.
The awarded inscription was placed by Sándor Soos on February 9 at the most guarded main entrance of the University. One of the journalists present there recalls the events that followed the placement of the sign:
"My ethnic Romanian colleague grabbed his phone to take a photo of the sign. At this point the door-keeper rushed out of his booth and asked what we were doing. He only noticed the Hungarian sign when we had told him that we had been photographing it. The door-keeper torn off the sign and started yelling, while accusing us of placing the sign. He then closed the gate and called the police. We told him that we were journalists.
The door-keeper kept yelling at us saying that if the colleague from the other shift had been on duty, we would have been in big trouble. He also said that we had been under their surveillance for a while and that they saw how a week before we had been taking photos of the building from a car. We just stood there and laughed. After a while they asked for our IDs. We said that had they been requested that in the first place we would have produced them, but given the circumstances we would now show the IDs only to the police. The police arrived with their sirens on, first four and then two more. They checked on our IDs and asked what 'Tudakozó' (Hungarian for 'Information') means. That was all."
January 2011
New officials have been elected for the Bolyai Society. In contrast to the previous years' practice the newly elected officials will work for the attainment of the original aim of the organization, i.e. the re-start of the Bolyai University.
August 2010
At 77th Hearing at the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination in Geneva, dr. Peter Hantz and Erika Cunnold-Benkő presented the grievances of Hungarians from Romania, focusing mainly on the lack of a state founded Hungarian university and the autonomy of Szeklerland. The Hungarians delegates representing the Romanian state tried to understate the problems presented by the leaders of the NGO's.
January 9, 2010.
The fifth edition of the Bathory Award jubilee festivity, designated to personalities who support the foundation of the independent Hungarian-language higher edication in Transylvania, was organized at Marosvásárhely. At this occasion Laszló Tőkés MEP met with the representatives of the Medical and Pharmaceutical University of Marosvasarhely, promising them political support in order to change discriminatory measures listed by them.

August 10-13, 2009
Péter Hantz, vice-president of the Hungarian National Council of Transylvania and of the Bolyai Initiative Committee met in Washington representatives of the White House and of the Senate, as well as US diplomats. During his negotiations Hantz talked about the anti-Hungarian and discriminatory elements built in the Romanian education system, and briefed his counterparts with respect to the demands concerning the re-opening of the state-funded Hungarian-language university and the restoration of the territorial autonomy of the Szeklerland.

July 14, 2009
Ferenc Gémesi, state secretary in charge of minority and nation policy issues met his Romanian counterpart Bogdan Aurescu state secretary in Bucharest and discussed among others the current unsettled state of affairs concerning higher education in the Hungarian language in Romania.
In relation with this issue the Hungarian side stated its request that Sapientia University, whose budget presently comes 90% from the Hungarian state budget should be financed also by the Romanian government. Gémesi said that the joint committee should also have an insight as to how the management of Babes-Bolyai University (BBTE) applies in practice the principles of equality of the 2 languages.
The co-chairs will analyze how education in the mother tongue is ensured in educational institutions where there are several teaching languages.

May 18, 2009
The unequivocal legal guarantee granted to the Hungarian section of the BBTE University in Cluj/Kolozsvar, its (more) independent organizational framework, is still unsatisfactory; the multilingual character of the University continues to manifest itself only sporadically, claimed vice-chancellor Tivadar Magyari in the context of a general qualitative ranking of the University by ARACIS, the authority supervising higher education in Romania.
When asked to comment on the fact that the German section of the University are fully and entirely satisfied with the way how multilingualism works, the vice-chancellor briefly replied with a touch of irony: "it is good to see happy and enthusiastic people in times like this".
March 17, 2009
In a declaration read out in the Romanian house of Representatives, RMDSZ parliamental deputee Jozsef Kötö maintained that the Hungarian minority in Romania have not dropped their claim to establish a Hungarian state-financed university. Kötö's declaration was made on the 50. anniversary of the forced termination of the Bolyai University.
February 11, 2009
A festive conference called "Memento 1959" organized by European Parliamentary deputees Csaba Sogor (RMDSZ) and Kinga Gal (FIDESZ) took place in the Jozsef Antall wing of the European Parliament building in Brussels.
The Conference commemorated the 1959 termination of the Bolyai University and the victims of this tragic event. After a short introduction by Sogor, European Parliamental Deputee H. Lax of the Swedish community in Finland and professor Miquel Strubell of the Catalan minority in Spain informed about the independent institutions of higher learning of their respective communities.
The conference ended with the viewing of Anna Paskandi Sebök's film "Memento 1959".
The Romanian diplomacy sent about 30 of their employees to Brussels on behalf of this event-however, the attempted disturbance of the festivity failed to happen.
December 15, 2008
The Hungarian minority in Romania are discriminated against and lack equal opportunity in education, claimed Peter Hantz, vice-president of EMTE at the UN Minority Forum in Geneva. The focus of the conference was on the importance of minority education and on the non-discriminatory guarantee of the right to education. Hantz maintained that the disadvantages of the Hungarian minority result from the absence of cultural autonomy so far consistently refused by the Romanian government.
He further pointed out that the most striking and most dramatic deficiency is the underrepresentation of the Hungarian community in higher education: while Hungarians represent 6.6% of the entire population, only 1.6% of Hungarian University students can study in Hungarian in Romania, as instruction in the mother tongue is not provided in a number of relevant fields of study. Hantz also noticed that international guidelines only make sense if their implementation is supervised by civic organizations, as some minority politicians do not or cannot properly represent their communities.
Additionally, individual governments should show more responsibility and minority grievances should be addressed in annual press conferences.General guiding principles are easily ignored by minority-discriminating governments, Hantz pointed out. This assumption is proved true by the fact that already existing codes have hardly any effect at all with such governments. Hantz suggested that the Charta of Minority Higher Education as well as a set of specifying appendices, referring to concrete situations, should be attached to the proposal dealing with minority education rights.
May 30, 2008
OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities, Knut Vollebaek, former Norwegian Foreign Minister, met Péter Hantz, vice-president and spokesperson of Bolyai Initiative Committee.
The talks focused on the possibilities to strengthen the independence of the Hungarian Faculties of Babes-Bolyai University and of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tg. Mures / Marosvásárhely. Mr. Vollebaek and Mr. Hantz also discussed how the Hungarian-language faculties on engineering and agricultural studies could be established. The High Commissioner showed interest in how the accreditation process progresses at "Sapientia", the Hungarian University in Transylvania and at Partium Christian University. At the end of the meeting Mr. Hantz handed over to Mr. Vollebaek the petition signed b 83% of the Hungarian professors teaching at the Faculty of Natural Sciences and the Faculty of Humanities in which they demand the establishing of the Hungarian faculties at the Babes-Bolyai University.
Mr. Hantz also handed over to Mr. Vollebaek the petition signed by 800 students of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tg. Mures / Marosvásárhely, which lists the proposals to settle the situation of the Hungarian Faculty at the University.
May 17, 2008
Péter Hantz researcher, vice-president of the Hungarian National Council of Transylvania and university professor Lehel Kovács, vice-president of the Bolyai Initiative Committee proposed the European Association of Daily Newspapers in Minority and Regional Languages (MIDAS) the creation of a network of journalists working towards the denouncement of actions to oppress national minorities. Hantz and Kovács argued that the although many of the traditional national minorities of Europe succeeded in achieving some sort of autonomy that allows them to preserve their language and cultural identities, some still need to fight to for the minority rights. MIDAS accepted the proposal.
May 16, 2008
The European Association of Daily Newspapers in Minority and Regional Languages (MIDAS) held its General Assembly in Santiago de Compostela between May 15-18, 2008. On this occasion Lehel Kovács, vice-president of the Bolyai Initiative Committee presented the Otto von Habsburg Prize for Journalism in Minority Protection and Cultural Diversity to Romanian journalist Marius Cosmeanu.
In the laudation speech Lehel Kovács pointed out: in connection with the Hungarian and German language signs placed and instantly taken off by the university management at the Babes Bolyai University in 2006, Marius Cosmeanu repeatedly reported in the Romanian language press on the discrimination against the Hungarian minority in the Romanian education system, and published several articles on the necessity to establish public higher education institutions teaching in the Hungarian language.

May 15, 2008
The personalities called upon by the BIC open letter of April 27 responded to the call for re-establishing the Bolyai University. The leaders of the HNCT, the Hungarian Civic Party (HCP), the DAHR and the SzNC issued statements in support of the gathering of signatures initiated by the BIC.

April 27, 2008
Mária Kincses Ajtay addressed an open letter to the ethnic Hungarian political parties and community organizations in Romania. The letter contains a proposal on drafting a bill that would set up measures to establish the Hungarian-language public university, and that would be submitted to the Romanian Parliament as the people's petition. The chair of the BIC requested help to finalize the bill and to gather the sufficient number of signatures.

February 13, 2008
Knut Vollebaek High Commissioner of OSCE paid a visit at the Babeş-Bolyai University, where he made statements in accordance with the interests of the Romanian nationalists. The leaders of the DAHR did not raise any objections against these statements. As it later turned out, the final conclusion drawn by the High Commissioner was that the reestablishment of the Bolyai University should be hindered. Numerous representatives of different European minorities protested against his statements.

December 6, 2007
Prominent intellectuals from Transylvania, members of the Reformed Church protested in open letter against the fact that assistant professor at the Protestant Theological Institute of the Babeş-Bolyai University, Mr. Buzogány Dezső, who had voted for the dismissal of the teachers mounting the Hungarian signs, was yet again re-elected as a member of the Senate of Babeş-Bolyai University.

November 26, 2007
Hantz Péter won the lawsuit brought against the Babeş-Bolyai University. The court annulled the condemning decision of the Disciplinary Committee of the Babeş-Bolyai University.

November 20, 2007
Toró Tibor and Antal Árpád members of the parliament requested in an interpellation the clarification of the impositions around the budget of the Hungarian section of the Babeş-Bolyai University. In his response given on January 16 2008, he Romanian Minister of Education, pointed out that the increased per capita subsidy allocated to the Hungarian sections of the Romanian universities, can not be used for any other purpose, however this reply hasn't brought any change to the University's old practice

On the same day Hantz Péter addressed an open letter to Pásztor Gabriella, under-secretary of the Minister of Education, asking for the clarification of the unclear financial matters of the Babeş-Bolyai University. As he did not receive any answer to his letter throughout the time period set by law, on February 25 2008 he considered filing a lawsuit. At the same time, he also requested the clarification of the contradictions around the budget of the Hungarian section of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Târgu-Mures / Marosvásárhely - earlier the pro-rector of the institution denied that the University would receive the increased per capita subsidy allocated for each student studying in Hungarian language. On the next day Hantz Péter received the answers to the questions he asked in his letters.

November 15, 2007
The Bolyai Initiative Committee prepared the balance sheet of the Hungarian section of the Babeş-Bolyai University. In the course of the work several times they could only rely on estimated data, as the leaders of the university denied to give out the public chapters which according to the law are public. As it turned out from this survey, considerable part from the amount allocated from the state funds to financially sustain the Hungarian section does not even get to the Hungarian section. Magyari Tivadar pro-rector of the institution tried to divert the attention from the contradictions, by sending a letter with personal remarks. In his reply Hantz Péter pointed out the lies in Magyari`s letter. The full texts of the correspondence can be viewed here.

November, 2007
At the College of Dental assistants, pharmaceutical assistants and dental technicians of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Târgu-Mures / Marosvásárhely, the Hungarian language teaching could not be started, in spite of the request of the students and teachers. 13 first-year students studying at the pharmaceutical assistant section signed a written request in which they asked for the organizing of Hungarian lectures. They never received a written reply to their request. The Romanian leaders of the university first came up with different pretexts like: there is no schedule; there is no free classroom for the lectures. When the Hungarian teachers set up a schedule and gave the lecture courses for free, with the assistance of professors Kincses Mária and Duducz Gyöngyvér, the Romanian leaders impeded the initiative. Nagy Örs, pro-rector of the institution had a long and loud argument about this matter with the Romanian dean of Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty, but this didn't bring a solution either.

October 16, 2007
Toró T. Tibor, member of the parliament filed a petition at the Minister of Education and Research, in which 83% of the involved teaching staff of the Babeş-Bolyai University demanded the launching of the natural sciences and arts faculties teaching in the Hungarian language.

October 8, 2007
"Let 2007 really be the year of equal opportunities!" - Public hearing in the European Parliament regarding the self-governing state-financed Hungarian university.
On the initiative of Kónya-Hamar Sándor, the MEP of DAHR, a public hearing was held in the building of the European Parliament in Brussels with the title: Equal opportunities. On the event there were present former and actual OSCE experts, representatives from the Office of the High Commissioner for National Minorities, independent experts from the field of multiculturalism and legal issues concerning the use of languages. They, together with the teachers representing the Hungarian section of the Babeş-Bolyai University shared their thoughts and experiences with the audience.
The public hearing was primarily addressed to the MEPs, and mainly to the members of the commission of culture and education as well as the leaders and experts of the lobby organizations operating in the fields of education, culture, language rights, and equal opportunities.
"If they accepted Romania with all of its unsolved problems, then the EU should undertake these as its own matters and should be of assistance in solving them" - these were the words of the MEP of DAHR.
On the public hearing professor Robert Philipson spoke about the experiences of European multilingual universities and the positive outcomes of the meeting of different cultures. In his opinion - although he said he is not familiar with the life of the Babeş-Bolyai University - the webpage of the university proves that the multiculturalism is not one of the institution's strongest points.
On one hand Gabriel Andreescu admitted the right of a national minority to claim its own higher education institution. On the other hand, he feels that the decision whether it is better to keep an institution united or to separate it, is a question which should be thoroughly analyzed, examined from different point of views and also carefully evaluated from a professional aspect too. On his behalf, he confirmed that there is a lot to improve in order to create a genuine multicultural atmosphere at the Babeş-Bolyai University.

September 25, 2007
At the beginning of the year 83% of the involved teaching staff of the Babeş-Bolyai University supported with their signature the demand of launching the natural sciences and arts faculties teaching in the Hungarian language. In June more than 70% of the undergraduates studying at the Hungarian section of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Târgu-Mures / Marosvásárhely demanded in a written request to clarify the situation of the Hungarian section and among others to establish the Hungarian faculties.
As there was no progress in the matter of establishing an independent institutional framework, the UHSOR(Union of Hungarian Student Organizations in Romania), along with the HYT (Hungarian Youth in Transylvania) and the BIC (Bolyai Initiative Committee) organized a Youth Caravan, which started from Marosvásárhely (Tg. Mures), and through Kolozsvár (Cluj-Napoca), Nagyvárad (Oradea), Debrecen, Budapest, Komárom, Győr, Vienna, Munich, Zurich and Geneva, arrived in Strasbourg, where Mateo Sorinas Secretary General of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, received a copy of the signed sheets and promised to pass the documents summarizing the complaints to the head of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and to the Education Committee. The members of the Youth Caravan traveled by bicycle around, and by minibus inside the mentioned cities. During the journey they stopped and distributed their flyers in University centers - like Révkomárom (Komárno) in Slovakia - and in Geneva they were welcomed by the representative for national minorities' issues of the UN Human Right's Council.

September 6, 2007
The desire to establish in Transylvania the independent Bolyai University it is an absolutely rightful one - highlighted Tabajdi Csaba, Head of the Hungarian Socialist Delegation to the EU, who is also the president of the EP Intergroup for Traditional National Minorities. At the Intergroup meeting he also drove attention to the fact that in Europe other minorities, represented by considerably smaller communities have guaranteed independent state-financed and native language-teaching higher education institutions. At the meeting Hantz Péter vice-president of the BIC (Bolyai Initiative Committee) who has been fired earlier from the Babeş-Bolyai University of Kolozsvár (Cluj) for mounting the Hungarian signs on the institution's walls also held a speech. Since September he is a member of the staff at a prestigious German research institute. Hantz in his speech informed the audience that last week unidentified persons mounted Hungarian and German "No smoking" signs at the Babeş-Bolyai University.
Those signs which remained unnoticed by the management of the University continued to stay on the walls, proving that Romanian teachers and students were not disturbed by them. Hantz Péter asked for the help of the Intergroup in accepting the EP declaration regarding the establishment of the individual Bolyai University. Hantz also said that along the teachers of the Babeş-Bolyai University the teachers of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Târgu-Mures / Marosvásárhely also urged the launching of the Hungarian faculties. Schöpflin György mentioned that higher education institutions teaching in two or more different languages don`t function really well anywhere, the conflicts between the German and French communities at the University of Freiburg in Switzerland are constant. Tabajdi Csaba, president of the Intergroup said that the goal which through many years couldn't be reached by any Hungarian organizations in Romania could perhaps be achieved now, thanks to Hantz Péter and Kovács Lehel, the two brave teachers who even put at risk their own existence. In Tabajdi's opinion in addition to the obvious necessity of the presence of Hungarian signs, the desire to establish in Transylvania the independent Bolyai University it is an absolutely rightful one.

August 28, 2007
Unidentified persons mounted Hungarian and German "No smoking" signs at the Babeş-Bolyai University. The management of the University immediately took measures in finding the multilingual signs, and the discovered signs were removed.

August 2, 2007
Toró T. Tibor, member of the parliament filed a petition at the Minister of Education and Research, in which 800 Hungarian students (more then 70 % of the Hungarian students) of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Târgu-Mures / Marosvásárhely demanded the independence of the Hungarian medical and pharmaceutical education system, including the launching of the Hungarian faculties et the University.

August, 2007.
Prominent intellectuals from Transylvania, members of the Roman Catholic Church protested in open letter against the fact that Marton József professor at the Protestant Theological Institute of the Babeş-Bolyai University, who had voted for the dismissal of the teachers mounting the Hungarian signs, was yet again re-elected as a member of the Senate of Babeş-Bolyai University. The Roman Catholic archbishopric of Gyulafehérvár (Alba Iulia) replied in a patronizing statement, defending the traitor professor.

July 13, 2007
The Romanian branch of the Bolyai University Friend Society (BUFS) was registered. The BUFS wishes to assume the role of the Bolyai Society since this has failed for a long time to do something for the Hungarian higher education to gain its independency.
June 27, 2007.
BIC vice-president, Péter Hantz sent a letter to European Commissioner Franco Frattini, the vice-president of the European Commission, stating that the misleading actions of the decision-makers of the “Babeş-Bolyai” University are also supported by the Romanian diplomacy. In his letter, Mr. Hantz asks for the assistance of the EC vice-president to promote the re-establishment of the “Bolyai” University.
June 26, 2007.
The communiqué released by the Bolyai Initiative Committee proposed Hungarian political and civil society organizations in Transylvania to start a signature gathering campaign in order to support the re-establishment of the “Bolyai” University. The communiqué signed by BIC president, Barna Bodó addresses this call also to the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania, the Hungarian National Council of Transylvania and the Sekler National Council.
June 25, 2007.
The MEPs of the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania demanded in a written declaration the re-establishment of the “Bolyai” University. The document underlines that Romania consequently denies the possibility of re-establishing the public Hungarian-language university, and condemns the dismissive and discriminative position of Romania’s governments. At the same time, the MEPs request the European Commission and the European Council to condemn the position of the Romanian authority, and to initiate specific legal procedures that induce Romania to respect its obligations assumed in the said agreements, and to re-establish the public “Bolyai” University. The EP would have to put on its agenda this issue if 393 MEPs support with their signatures this petition until October 25. Romanian opposition parties reacted hysterically to these events, demanding the Romanian PM to step down.
June 18, 2007.
The representatives of the Hungarian students at MOGYE, Valérián Ádám, Jácint Orosz and János Bécsi announced in a press conference that if no progress is achieved with the ten-point list of demands of the BIC, which has already been signed by 720 students of the MOGYE, demonstrations and a protest bike-tour to Strasbourg will be organized, and the stay in strike initiated in 1990 will also be continued. Lehel Kovács, BIC vice-president reassured the representatives of the Hungarian students of the support of BIC.
June 5, 2007.
The Bolyai University Friends’ Association, 2 Transylvanian youth organizations (MIT and MIÉRT), poet Sándor Kányadi, 15 ethnic Hungarian members of the Romanian Academy and a number of faculties of the BBTE turned to the European Parliament’s Petition Committee to report on the anti-Hungarian discrimination cases experienced in the Romanian higher education. HHRF, having other intentions, formulated a counterpetition. Using that as a pretext, 2 academicians refused to sign the petition.
June 1, 2007.
The leaders of the Hungarian section of the Medical University of Marosvásárhely/Târgu-Mureş and the leaders of the Marosvásárhely section of BIC reached an agreement with regard to the amendment of the 10-point list of demands, which now became acceptable for both parties.
May 29, 2007.
Nearly 700 students of a total of 980 ethnic Hungarian students have signed the 10-point list of demands of BIC, while the counter-propaganda of certain teachers close to the circles of leading academic staff at the Medical University of Marosvásárhely/Târgu-Mureş remained ineffective. The Committee of the Hungarian Students’ Association in  Marosvásárhely overruled the position of their leaders, who were against the collection of signatures, and decided to support the initiative.
May 24, 2007.
Mr Szilveszter Vizi, the president of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences delivers a lecture in Marosvásárhely, where also the teachers of the Medical University are invited. The organizers, leaders of EME and BIC, arranged for an informal meeting after the lecture to provide an opportunity to talk for the teachers of the University as their formal meeting has not been called for 6 years now. Some teachers, who are leaders of the Hungarian section of the Medical University attempted at discouraging the participation at the informal meeting claiming that it "might provide an opportunity for politically subversive action". During the informal meeting several problems of the Hungarian section have been discussed. Valerián Ádám, student, announced that out of the 980 ethnic Hungarian students of the Hungarian section of the Medical University, 500 have already supported with their signature the ten-point list of demands of the BIC. Professor Mária Ajtay-Kincses and Péter Hantz, vice-president of the BIC urged that the collection of signatures should also start among the ethnic Hungarian teachers.
April 23, 2007.
The first new multilingual inscription (in Romanian, Hungarian and English) was put out at the University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Târgu Mures. The management has also promised to continue this action concerning multilingual inscriptions.
April 20, 2007.
The BIC organized a press conference at Târgu Mures/Marosvásárhely with the participation of DUHR senator Csaba Sógor, as well as Mária Ajtay Kincses and Lehel Kovács, Vice-Presidents of BIC. Mária Ajtay Kincses presented a list containing ten complaints by the Hungarian UMP teachers. Lehel Kovács presented Csaba Sógor with a copy of the list of signatures gathered to request Hungarian-language faculties within the Babes-Bolyai University. One of the complaints concerns the issue of inscriptions. Not a single one multilingual inscription was placed out by the management of UMP during the last 20 years. The BIC informed the media representatives in a circular that should no measures be taken to put out multilingual inscriptions, the BIC will put them. Earlier Péter Hantz took pictures and measurements of the exclusively Romanian-language inscriptions in the UMP.
April 19, 2007.
Deputies and members of European Council’s Commission on Education and Culture, József Kozma (Hungarian Socialist Party) and Kornél Almássy (Hungarian Democratic Forum) informed the public that the Commission put on the Agenda the Lindblad-motion which proposes an investigation of discrimination against the Hungarian minority in the area of higher education.
April 10, 2007.
The Vice-President of BIC, Péter Hantz registered a copy of the list of signature collected to request the establishment of Hungarian-language faculties to the Executive Chairmanship of DUHR and requested a written answer from the DUHR leaders as to what kind of short-term and long-term plan the organization has developed to solve the situation of the Hungarian-language higher education.
April 5, 2007.
On the press conference held in the meeting room of the Hungarian Parliament’s Commission for Foreign Affairs and for Hungarian Minorities Abroad, Péter Hantz handed over a copy of the list of signature of the BBU Hungarian teachers to request the establishment of Hungarian-language faculties to each Hungarian representative in the European Parliament and European Council. These copies were signed by 87% of the Hungarian teaching staff. Péter Hantz stated that the establishment of Hungarian-language faculties constitutes the first step in gaining independence, followed by the re-opening of the Hungarian-language state university in Romania. Hantz also stated that the collaborator Hungarian Deputy Rectors have been advised not to sign these copies. Some of those who denied signing these copies were afraid that they will not be paid a higher wage within the new Hungarian faculties. Several staff members were afraid that they will not be able to provide a higher-quality education working in these new faculties. Philosophy professor Károly Veress denied handing over the signatures gathered by his department and chose to attack the BIC activity in a mendacious and hostile letter.
April 4, 2007.
Elections in the Bolyai University Friend Society. Barna Pál Zsigmond was elected as the new President of the Budapest branch, while Vice-Presidents are writer István Katona Szabó and professor Attila T. Szabó, as well as members of the Parliament András Tatai-Tóth and Kristóf Szatmáry. The aim of the Society is to ensure social support for the struggle for the re-opening of the Bolyai University. After a discussion it was decided that the BUFS shall establish new organizations in Transylvania.
March 26, 2007.
The President of the Targu-Mures/Marosvásárhely branch of the Bolyai Initiative Committee and chair of department, professor Mária Ajtay Kincses compiled a list of 10 items containing the complaints of the Hungarian teaching staff working at UMP. But before she had the chance to present this list to the public, unidentified persons made threats through phone calls, and the professor also received an abusive and menacing anonymous letter.
March 16, 2007.
The extremely anti-Hungarian university leaders, aided by the Romanian diplomacy, organized a new exhibition in Strasburg on the "multicultural nature" of the BBU. The Vice-President of the BBU Academic Council, István Szamosközi and Deputy Rector Wolfgang Breckner participated on this private event (both unconditional servants of the nationalist university management). Prior to this, the leaders of BIC attempted to draw the attention of the guests to the lies of BBU leaders. The new collaborator Hungarian Deputy Rectors did not object to this event.
March 1, 2007.
The European Commissioner responsible for Multilingualism Leonard Orban did not wish to comment on the events that took place at the Babes-Bolyai University (BBU) in relation to the Hungarian inscriptions, states the answer given by the Commissionaire, who came into office with Romania's EU accession, to the letter signed by liberal members of the European Parliament, among which István Szent-Iványi (Union of Liberal Democrats).
February 16, 2007.
The President of the Hungarian Republic, László Sólyom has made a visit to Cluj/Kolozsvár. In a meeting held on this occasion, BIC President Barna Bodó and the new Deputy Rector of BBU Tivadar Magyari have presented different evaluations of the situation created at the BBU. At the end of the event, in the company of Péter Hantz President László Sólyom has raised high a Hungarian inscription which could not be placed out because the university management prevented it.
February 12, 2007.
The Office of Romanian Ombudsman has started to investigate the issue of the two staff members, Lehel Kovács and Péter Hantz removed from BBU. The fact of an investigation in progress was confirmed by an expert of the Cluj branch of the abovementioned Office in answering to the questions of a daily newspaper, the Krónika.
February 1, 2007
László Sólyom president of the Republic of Hungary received in his office the leaders of Sapientia University and of the Bolyai Initiative Committee.
January 29, 2007.
Péter Hantz has written a letter to the Hungarian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Kinga Göncz, containing a detailed evaluation of the resolutions adopted by the BBU concerning the inscriptions and sheds light both to the inconsistencies intentionally included in these resolutions and the attempts to sabotage their implementation.
January 25, 2007.
News leaked out according to which the Rector of BBU is provided with the translations of letters sent to the mailing list of the Hungarian teaching staff. The BIC has opened a new and safer mailing list for the Hungarian staff members fighting for the opening of Hungarian-language faculties.
January 24-25, 2007.
Péter Hantz made a visit to Strasburg for lobbying purposes concerning the resolution proposal on the Hungarian-language higher education in Romania submitted to the European Council. He also had meetings with several leading politicians of the EC.Péter Hantz made a visit to Strasburg for lobbying purposes concerning the resolution proposal on the Hungarian-language higher education in Romania submitted to the European Council. He also had meetings with several leading politicians of the EC.
January 23, 2007.
The Vice-Presidents of Bolyai Initiative Committee, Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács held a press conference (in German) in Vienna where they have presented the deprivation of civil rights of Hungarians from Transylvania detailing the discrimination against Hungarians in the higher education system.
January 22, 2007.
A resolution is proposed in the European Council on the elimination of discrimination in the higher education system against the Hungarian minority from Romania. The document submitted by Göran Lindblad, the leader of the Svedish delegation, requests the Parliamentary Assembly to investigate whether equal opportunities are being ensured in the Romanian higher education system for the Hungarian minority. The proposal is signed by many leading members of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.
January 19-22, 2007.
Erzsébet Pogány, leader of the Association for Common Goals invites Lehel Kovács and Péter Hantz to make a visit to Slovakia. On this occasion they also make a visit to the Hungarian-language János Selye University in Komarno /Komárom (Slovakia) and have discussion with deputies Miklós Duray and László Szigeti, as well as Béla Hrubik, President of Csemadok. At Dunajska Streda/Dunaszerdahely (Slovakia) they also met with Malina Hedvig, the girl beaten for being Hungarian. The visit ended with a press conference held in Bratislava/Pozsony.
January 18, 2007.
Four liberal members of the European Parliament (István Szent-Iványi from Hungary, Union of Liberal Democtrats; Bronislaw Geremek from Poland; Henrik Lax from Finland and karin Resetarits from Austria) sent a letter to the European Commissionaire responsible for Multilingualism Leonard Orban in relation to the situation created at the Babes-Bolyai University.
January, 2007.
Kovács Lehel and Hantz Péter commenced a labour law action against the Babes-Bolyai University.
January 16, 2007.
The Commission for Foreign Affairs and for Hungarian Minorities Abroad of the Hungarian Parliament received the leaders of the Bolyai Initiative Committee. The Hungarian members of the European Council, present at this meeting, announced that they intend to submit a resolution proposal to the European Council regarding the discriminations against Hungarians in the Romanian higher education system.
January 15, 2007.
Péter Hantz held the last lecture of statistical physics at Bulgakov Caffé in Cluj/Kolozsvár because the doormen of BBU, acting upon higher orders, burst into the lecture room and forced the young lecturer to interrupt his lecture.
January 12, 2007.
The extremely anti-Hungarian university leaders "bought off" the majority of the Hungarian teachers participating to the management board with threats and promises. Contrary to their initial position of December 7 in which they set a series of conditions for filling the management vacancies created through resignation, this time they unconditionally fulfilled all the wishes of Rector Bocsan and adopted a decision concerning the nomination of the new Deputy Rectors (Tivadar Magyari and László Nagy). The latter one played a crucial role in undermining the attempt to open Hungarian faculties in 2004.
January 10-14, 2007.
The BIC made public the results of the data gathering in relation to the establishment of a Hungarian-language Faculty of Sciences, showing which staff members have signed the form and which ones denied doing so. Collaborator and Deputy Rector László Nagy, who opposed to the opening of Hungarian faculties, has convinced several of his colleagues to sign a statement of objection against making public the abovementioned names. In his answer, the BIC states that what is going on within the Hungarian study-line is not an internal affair of the University, but a problem of the entire Hungarian minority from Transylvania. The BIC considers strange that this counter-statement was also signed by staff members who raised no objections against making public their names in 1990 when signatures were gathered to establish the Bolyai University.
January 8, 2007.
It is made public that a collaborator professor and the Vice-President of the BBU Academic Council, who was the first to propose the dismissal of Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács, István Szamosközi has committed a plagiarism offence in his Phd dissertation. Several parts of this dissertation is taken word-by-word from an earlier psychology article of a French author without any reference to this article. Barna Bodó has drawn attention to this on a press conference held at Cluj/Kolozsvár.
January, 2007.
In his answer to the Hungarian Minister for Foreign Affairs Kinga Gönz, Romanian Minister for Foreign Affairs Mihai-Razvan Ungureanu wrote that "the Senate’s Resolution quoted by the Hungarian teaching staff carrying out their action (putting out Hungarian inscriptions) was not in force in November 2006; this Resolution will come into effect on July 1, 2007 and it is now only a draft without legal force." The Új Magyar Szó (a Hungarian newspaper published in Romania) quoted BBU spokeswoman Cristina Nistor in its article entitled "Ungureanu deludes Kinga Göncz", published on January 24, saying that "there is no such Resolution by the Senate of the University and we have no knowledge of the date mentioned by the Romanian Minister for Foreign Affairs. There is, however, a draft on the problem of multilingual inscriptions, but the Senate did not adopt a Resolution in this regard." In the issue of January 26, the Krónika (a newspaper published in Transylvania) published a statement of the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, saying that: "the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs referred to the draft which can be implemented as of July 1, 2007, if it is adopted by the management of BBU".
December, 2006
Protest petition against the dismissal of the two Hungarian professors is made public on the Transylvanian news portal Transindex, with more than ten thousand electronic signature.
December, 2006
The BBU professors and students of both the Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics and  the Faculty of Physics protest against the dismissal of Lehel Kovács and Péter Hantz. The university management does not change its position, even though each professor and the greatest part of the students sign the petition.
December 20, 2006
The BBU Senate votes for the second time the termination of labour contract of Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács, afterwards enforcing its resolution. The resolution may be questioned from a procedural point of view since no previous university statutes refer to the Disciplinary Commission, which has made a report at the meeting of the Senate.
December 19, 2006
In relation to the events occurred at the Babeş-Bolyai University, vice-president of the Bolyai Initiative Committee, Péter Hantz is received by the Hungarian Parliament's Commission for Foreign Affairs and for Hungarian Minorities Abroad.
December, 2006
The BIC starts new campaign for signatures on the establishment of Hungarian-language faculties since from the previous campaign has passed more than a year. Until the March of 2007 87% of the affected Hungarian professors have signed the copies.
December, 2006
Professor Emese Egyed and university lecturer Endre Sárkány Kiss resign their Senate membership, and university lecturer Miklós Bakk resigns his leadership of the Hungarian study line.
December 12-15, 2006
The joint petition of Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács, the BBU Rector's informing and the letter written by the Hungarian Minister, István Hiller result in an investigation at the BBU initiated by the Romanian Ministry of Education. On the day of investigation the Romanian Minister of Education makes public his resolution according to which the BBU is rewarded for the introduction of multiculturalism values on European level. As the report of the Commission states, the university Rector did not hand over to them any documents, they even know about the events from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Therefore under such circumstances they could not conduct the investigation. They only state that the educational activity is undisturbed, and Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács are not dismissed.
December, 2006
Kinga Göncz, the Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, István Hiller, the Hungarian Minster of Education and Katalin Szili, the President of the Hungarian Parliament sent letters to their Romanian colleagues requesting to solve the problems occurred at the Babeş-Bolyai University.
December 11, 2006
The Society of Hungarian Students of Political Science (SHSPS) from Kolozsvár/Cluj organizes a debate entitled "Which way to take, BBU?" SHSPS invites BIC president Barna Bodó, Károly Veress, the president of the Bolyai Society and Miklós Bakk, publicist and political scientist. The president of the Bolyai Society, who for a long time had sabotaged the struggle for the university, took the Bolyai Initiative Committee apart.
December 9, 2006
In Csíkszereda/Miercurea Ciuc Barna Bodó, Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács, the three leaders of the BIC were rewarded with Julianus prize for their work for the survival of  Hungarians in Romania.
December 7, 2006
Following the meeting of the leaders of the Hungarian study line at the BBU, the three designated representatives of the Chief Board of the Hungarian Staff (Tivadar Magyari, Károly Veress and Klára Ionescu) petition the BBU Rector for solving some essential questions related to the situation after the resignations, questions, which are seen to be the condition for progress. These are the following ones: to solve the problem of the Hungarian study line, to fix the date for placing the multilingual signs and to re-evaluate the questionable Senate resolution related to the dismissal of Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács. The Rector did not answer the petition.
December 7, 2006
The members of the Hungarian Young People of Transylvania (EMI) and the student and youth organizations from Kolozsvár/Cluj, Sepsiszentgyörgy/Sfântu Gheorghe and Csíkszereda/Miercurea Ciuc organize protest meetings against the abuses made by the BBU Rectorate and for the restoration of the two dismissed professors. During the protest meeting there are presented to the public the following documents: protests written by the DAHR, the five parliamentary parties, Hungarian EP deputies, Hungarian and foreign intellectuals, and the solidarity declaration of a Romanian BBU professor, Aurel Codoban.
December 5, 2006
Many well-known public personages sign the protest according to which the Reformed Church District of Transylvania and the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Gyulafehérvár/Alba Iulia are requested to take a stand on the case of the two priest-professors Dezső Buzogány and József Marton, who voted for the dismissal of Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács at the BBU Senate's meeting on 27th November. Among the signatories are the following personages: Ede Terényi composer, Géza Szőcs writer, István Almási ethnographer, Sándor Csép publicist, Péter Buchwald ex-senator, József Komáromi former political prisoner, András Antal retired university professor, László Irsay physician, Jenő Tellmann physicist, Szilágyi Istvánné Júlia Tamás professor, István Szilágyi writer, István Szőcs writer, Noémi László poet, Levente Tibád retired professor, György Gaal historian and Elek Tőkés headmaster.
November 30, 2006
Resignations at the university: the two Hungarian Vice-rectors László Nagy and Levente Salat resign because of the dismissal of Hantz and Kovács. Pro tempore their range of duties are assumed by a five-member body includingTivadar Magyari, Károly Veress, Klára Ionescu, József Benedek and Mária Vincze; the latter two have resigned after the meeting with the Rector since he gave only elusive answers concerning the questions of the Hungarian study line.
November 29, 2006
In order to rectify legal and procedural mistakes of the Senate resolution, the management of the university summons Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács to the new-established Inquiring Commission. Since on the day before the interrogation (30th November) no details are known either about the members of the Committee or its statutes, Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács do not go to the Committee. Instead, they organize a press conference in front of the main building of the university, where they make public the citation having no heading, signet, date, signature or number of registration, being only a text printed on an A4 format sheet of paper.
November 27, 2006
On the initiative of the Rector, with violation of procedural rules and no legal ground, the majority of the Senate members vote for the exclusion of Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács from the BBU staff. 11 senators voted against the expulsion, nine of them being Hungarians and two Romanians, while four Hungarian senators voted for it, namely István Szamosközi, Réka Jánosi and the representatives of the Hungarian Faculties of Theology, József Marton and Dezső Buzogány, afterwards the latter is made by the leaders of his church to resign.
November 22, 2006
In the presence of the press, at the Faculty of Chemistry of BBU Péter Hantz places the Hungarian inscriptions "No smoking!" under the Romanian ones. In the building of the Faculty of Letters, the administration deals severely with him, but he manages to place the inscriptions (Endre Ady Hall, Sámuel Brassai Hall, Hungarian Department of Literary Theory). With a hand-to-hand fight he placed two signs in the main building too, but they were soon broken down and trampled underfoot by the security employees of the university. The Rector reported Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács to the police referring to extremist behaviour and damaging. Even though Lehel Kovács had helped Hantz during the preparation of this action, he did not take active part to the placing of inscriptions.
November 8, 2006
At a press conference Lehel Kovács delivers an ultimatum according to which in case until the 19th November the BBU Rectorate will not take steps for placing the bilingual inscriptions, for which corporative resolution already exists, the BIC will place them. Next day the Rector declares that the placing of inscriptions is not necessary because the resolution referring to it is available only for the symbology; and this requirement has already been fulfilled, since they named some of the halls after Hungarian personages, and they even set up the bust of late Rector, Gyula Farkas.
November 2-5, 2006
The BIC organizes the 2nd European Conference on Higher Education of National Minorities, with participants coming from 13 countries. The Conference makes supplements (Chart of Kolozsvár/Cluj) to the draft of the Chart on Higher Education of National Minorities in Europe. The participants of the Conference accept a Solidarity Declaration supporting the efforts of the BIC, in the same time concluding that the Transylvanian Hungarians are deprived of their rights and the Romanian state power, with the help of collaborating Hungarian university leaders, obstructs the fulfilment of rightful demands. The participants took a look around the corridor of the BBU Rectorate, where exclusively the reliefs of late Romanian Rectors could be seen.
September 17-18, 2006
On the initiative of the BIC in several Transylvanian cities (Kolozsvár/Cluj, Marosvásárhely/Târgu Mureş, Nagyvárad/Oradea, Sepsiszentgyörgy/Sfântu Gheorghe, Csíkszereda/Miercurea Ciuc) Hungarian youth organizations organize Open Day on the problems of the independent Hungarian-language higher education, and they also commemorate the university sacrifices related to 1956.
September 25, 2006
In Hague Péter Hantz had a talk with Rolf Ekeus, the High Commissioner on National Minorities of the European Organization for Security and Cooperation, then he hands over documents regarding the injuries of the Hungarian minority in Romania.
July 14, 2006
On the proposal of the BBU Ethic Committee the Rector passes a vote of censure on Barna Bodó, and Péter Hantz receives a written warning. The two professors initiate proceedings of labour right, the Rector being charged with abuse of authority. In the April of 2007 Barna Bodó succeeds in his action.
July 9, 2006
The organization of Hungarian Civil Union from Seat Sepsi rewards the three BIC leaders with Albert Wass-prize.
July 5, 2006
The BBU Ethic Committee questions the BIC leaders. The Hungarian and German members of the Ethic Committee do not come to the meeting.
June 26, 2006
The BBU Rector requests the Ethic Committee of the University to investigate the BIC leaders' activity, which is "hostile to the university and undermines its good reputation". The first date fixed by the BBU Ethic Committee for the hearing of the BIC leaders is postponed since according to the latters the Ethic Codex of BBU violates the prevailing Romanian laws. (According to the 7 paragraph of Law 517/2004, under similar circumstances the Ethic Committee has to announce the press three days before the hearing, and both publicists and the representative of the trade union may be present at the procedure. Whereas the BBU Ethic Codex says that the Committee meetings are secret.) Few days later the BBU EC refuses in writing the protest lodged by the BIC leaders.
June 7, 2006
In Geneva BIC vice-president, Péter Hantz meets the chief members of the Office for Minority and Education Rights belonging to the UNO's High Commissioner for Human Rights. He reports on the problems of the Hungarians in Romania and the education in Hungarian language, and he also hands over documents concerning the rightful demands of the Transylvanian Hungarians. During the talk he also mentioned the postponing of the establishment of Hungarian school in Torda and the case of the sports ground of Zsuzsanna Lórántffy Secondary School.
June 6, 2006
Éva Cs. Gyimesi, university professor from Kolozsvár/Cluj publishes a libeller article in the weekly "Élet és Irodalom" (ÉS) referring to BIC as "a gathering of professionally incompetent agents". The BIC went to the law. The publisher of ÉS defended himself by saying that the word "agent" had two meanings, not only 'spy', but 'reagent' as well, and finally he succeeded in his action with possibility to appeal.
May 25, 2006
At a press conference professor Zoltán Kása states that the Babeş-Bolyai University has no deed of foundation, consequently the Bolyai University still exists legally. In the May of 2007 Bolyai University Friend Society brings an action against the Romanian state requesting to declare the existence of the Bolyai University. At the press conference BIC leaders Péter Hantz and Csaba Szász make public the articles proving that Andrei Marga, the president of the BBU Academic Council was a communist official and censor at a radio.
May 24, 2006
In Bucharest BIC organizes a forum on the questions of the Hungarian higher education in Romania. The participants of the forum are Romanian and Hungarian politicians and also civil society intellectuals such as Ecaterina Andronescu, Gabriel Andreescu, Smaranda Enache, Dinu Zamfirescu, Andrei Dorobanţu.
May 9, 2006
In several Transylvanian communities oecumenical gatherings are organized to offer prayers for the independent Hungarian university.
April 6, 2006
The two leaders of Bolyai Initiative Committee (BIC), that is vice-president Péter Hantz and secretary Imre Péntek, while visiting the delegation of the European Committee and the Embassy of the United States of America in Romania, requested to include the question of the Transylvanian Hungarian higher education into the report on the country.
April, 2006
The BIC initiates campaign for sending protest letters to the addresses of the responsible EU officials since the problem of the Hungarian higher education is missing from the report made on Romania before the accession; due to this many thousands of letters arrive to the responsible officials of the European Committee. The final report made with a few months later requested Romania to solve the problem.
March 25, 2006
The BIC organizes a political forum on the Hungarian higher education in Romania. The DAHR supported the program as well. The closing declaration is signed by all the representatives of the Hungarian bodies interested in the field of education, with the exception of the collaborating Hungarian BBU leaders, who serve the Romanian nationalism (Vice-rectors Levente Salat and László Nagy). Among the signers are the DAHR's Alliance President and the leaders of the Hungarian historical churches as well.
March 20-22, 2006
László Tőkés, HNCT president and bishop of the Reformed Church District of Királyhágómellék/Piatra Craiului leads a delegation of politicians and civil leaders to Brussels, its member being the BIC president, Barna Bodó as well. At the officials of the European Parliament and European Committee the latter lobbies for the rightful demands of Transylvanian Hungarians (autonomy, higher education in mother tongue, restitution of church goods).
March 2, 2006
After making public the letter signed also by the Nobel prize laureate scientists, the collaborating leaders of the Hungarian study line, after two years of postponement, are forced to call the general meeting of the Hungarian staff. Several members criticize the existing state of affairs (János Péntek, Emese Egyed, Zoltán Kása, Zoltán Néda, Károly Vekov, Miklós Bakk). Vice-rector Levente Salat being one of the obstructing persons, who in 2004 was in the way of establishing the Hungarian faculties, this time misleads the general meeting by stating that the establishment of the faculties has failed on political level. Lehel Kovács requests the leaders of the Hungarian study line to take an explicit stand on the case of the establishment of the Hungarian faculties. Zsuzsa Selyem and Csilla Könczei object to raise the question, and László Holló, the Vice-dean of the Faculty of the Roman Catholic Theology requests the Hungarian staff members to give up the re-establishment of the Bolyai University once and for all. Due to the suggestion of Péter Hantz they reject this request. Barna Bodó solicits the institutionalization of the general meeting in order to introduce it in the BBU structure. Péter Hantz requests vote of confidence regarding the activity of István Szamosközi, Vice-president of the Academic Council. The leaders of the meeting avoided putting the question on the agenda, finally the general meeting voted about the vote of confidence regarding the leaders, thus the motion was rejected. On the proposal of Emese Egyed and Andor Horváth the general meeting adopts two Declarations.
February 28, 2006
The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung publishes an article making public the open letter written by the Nobel prize laureate personages on the case of the Bolyai University. This article is interpreted by the BBU ex-rector, Andrei Marga as a personal assault by Imre Kertész. Namely because the subheading of the letter, in which writers and scientists urge the establishment of the independent Hungarian state university, was: "Imre Kertész protests against the Romanian state university". Even if Imre Kertész does not open his mouth in the article, at a press conference Andrei Marga makes public that he will take Imre Kertész to the court charging him with libel. Afterwards Marga changes his mind.
February 27, 2006
Emese Egyed, the member of the BBU Senate calls the Hungarian staff members for a talk, where they discuss about the occurred situation and the members of the Senate report on the filed petition regarding the establishment of Hungarian faculties.
February 23, 2006
On the news portal Transindex Enikő Magyari-Vincze publishes a personal blog in which, without naming the BIC members, she describes them as being "ousted from posts, frustrated from the point of view of scientific activity and a servile group devoted to the Union of Young Democrats (Fidesz)". She receives an answer (Krónika, 3rd-5th March 2006) written by Miklós Bakk, who after providing professional arguments opposed to the statements of Magyari-Vincze, states that "under these circumstances the one-sided criticism of the BIC means nothing else but to speak in the same way like Andrei Marga" (extremist nationalist, anti-Hungarian Romanian politician and President of the BBU Academic Council). At a German conference and in a German newspaper column the collaborating Magyari-Vincze tries to prove that the Transylvanian Hungarians enjoy equality before the law, and the Babeş-Bolyai University is a model for multiculturalism.
February 20, 2006
The BBU Senate rejects to put on the agenda the question concerning the establishment of the Hungarian faculties, and the Rector summons the BIC leaders in a letter "to give up the campaign against the University since it is mendacious, and  ruins its good reputation". In case of disobedience he promises to take administrative steps against them.
February 8, 2006
It is made public the open letter of 81 worldwide known scientists (among them 12 with Nobel, Wolf and Fields prize) to José Manuel Barroso, EC President, Traian Băsescu, Romanian Head of State and Călin Popescu Tăriceanu, Romanian Prime Minister. In the letter they support the re-opening of the Bolyai University. On 22th February, BIC leaders Péter Hantz and Alpár Zoltán Szász hand over the letter to the Office of EC President J. M. Barroso. In response on the initiative of the BBU two hundred Romanian intellectuals sign a petition drawing the attention to the "dangers" deriving from the granting of minority rights.
February, 2006
István Szent-Iványi, European Parliament representative in Brussels hands over to the BIC vice-president, Péter Hantz a publication spread in the European Parliament by both the Romanian observers and the Permanent Representation of Romania to the EU. According to this brochure multilingual signs are placed on the walls of the BBU!
January 27, 2006
On the initiative of the BIC the Hungarian members of the BBU Great Senate (the bishops of the Transylvanian historical churches, the mayors of the cities having BBU branches) address an open letter to the University Rector on the theme of the establishment of Hungarian language faculties. The BBU Rector answers by a meaningless letter.
January 20-21, 2006
In German and Swiss cities Péter Hantz and Barna Bodó lecture on the struggles for the re-opening of the Bolyai University. Following this, Péter Hantz has a talk with the representatives of the German Bundestag and the Austrian Nationalrat.
January 15-19, 2006
Lobby travel of BIC president Barna Bodó and Oszkár Fekete student to Strasbourg where they meet the representatives of the European Parliament.
December 14, 2005
Zoltán Kása, the Vice-dean of the BBU Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics resigns to his Senate membership and leadership of the Hungarian study line, since the Faculty Council rejected the establishment of a Hungarian-language Faculty of Informatics.
December 12, 2005
The BIC petitions the National Council Against Discrimination because of the discriminations in public education, first of all mentioning the unsatisfactory teaching method of the Romanian language and the organization of final examinations as well. Many Hungarian intellectuals and politicians signed the petition. The Council answers in April agreeing with the submitting part, and stating that the pupils of non-Romanian mother tongue should not learn the Romanian language following the same method as for those of Romanian mother tongue. According to the Romanian law this resolution is not legally binding.
November 29, 2005
The BIC leaders register a motion addressed to the Senate of the Babeş-Bolyai University; by this motion the 83% of the affected Hungarian staff members request the establishment of Hungarian language Faculties of Natural Sciences, Humanities, Social and Economic Sciences as well.
November 25, 2005
In Nagyvárad/Oradea the Christian University of Partium (CUP) organizes the Conference of Minority Higher Education of the Carpathian basin, during which they celebrated the 60th anniversary of the establishment of the Bolyai University and the 15th anniversary of the establishment of the CUP. At the same time they held the review of the Transylvanian universities with Hungarian language education as well. On the programme it was discussed the establishment of a Council for the Transylvanian Hungarian Higher Education.
October 24, 2005
The 22th issue of the BBU Official Bulletin (Buletin Informativ) publishes the 13405/24 October 2005 resolution of the University Board of Directors, its 8th point discussing "the operation of the multicultural profile and its visibility". Here point d) is about multilingual inscriptions, and the fixed deadline is the 10th January 2006.
October 17, 2005
On the initiative of the BIC in several Transylvanian cities (Kolozsvár/Cluj, Marosvásárhely/Târgu Mureş, Csíkszereda/Miercurea Ciuc, Sepsiszentgyörgy/Sfântu Gheorghe, Nagyvárad/Oradea) thousands of people demonstrate simultaneously for the independence of the Hungarian higher education. Since the March of 1990 this is the first demonstration for the Transylvanian Hungarian education.
September 25-30, 2005
In Brussels and Strassbourg in the European Parliament Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács report on the real situation of the Hungarian higher education in Romania, and deliver lecture in the EP Intergroup for National Minorities. The Babeş-Bolyai University protests in a communiqué.
September 1-3, 2005
Barna Bodó is present at the 2nd Conference on Bi-/Multilingual Universities and lectures on the Minority Higher Education Chart initiated by the BIC.
July 20, 2005
At the 16th Bálványos Summer University Péter Hantz and Lehel Kovács lectures on the possibilities of establishing an independent Transylvanian Hungarian higher education and the institutes of minority higher education in Europe.
July 12, 2005
At the meeting of the BBU Senate Emese Egyed university professor and head of department raises the question of multilingual inscriptions. The Rectorate answers by a document (20199/13th July 2005) according to which the project implementation belongs to the authority sphere of an exclusively designated committee including professors and historians. The deadline is the 1st July 2007.
June 24, 2005
The first Bolyai-evening in Kolozsvár/Cluj: debate on the problems of Hungarian higher education. During this year another four debating evenings are organized. One aim of the series of programmes is to establish the conditions for holding a dialogue with the representatives of the Romanian intellectuals.
June, 2005
Levente Salat prepares a draft of resolution for starting the placement of multilingual inscriptions. This draft was never discussed in the Senate, what is the highest decisive body of the University; and as a consequence no decision was made.
May 25, 2005
The 1st European Conference on Higher Education of National Minorities is held on the Internet. In the programme take part the representatives of 25 European minority or multilingual higher education institutes. It is made public the Minority University Chart prepared by Miklós Bakk and Barna Bodó.
October, 2004
A group of professors of the Babeş-Bolyai University decides on organizing an international conference in order to draw the attention to the unsolved problems of the Transylvanian Hungarian higher education. The preparations of the conference are led by two young professors, Péter Hantz physicist and Lehel Kovács informatician. Barna Bodó was requested to be the president of the organizing group, which later became known as the Bolyai Initiative Committee.


In process of being displayed further information regarding previous activities for the re-establishment of the Bolyai University.